Detecxtion of unauthorised activity (unlicensed mining, poaching, illegal construction and logging operations). Mapping the damage caused to the enviroment, searching for unauthorised waste dumping sites. Wildfire patrols. Forest inventory. Wildlife surveying and migration monitoring.
Survey flights to map official and unauthorised landfills
The use of UAVs allows for quickly locating unauthorized dumps of household and construction waste, creating an orthophotographic map and a digital model of the dumping area, building a highly accurate 3D terrain model, and measuring the current volume of waste already dumped on the site.
Regular survey overflights of landfills and illegal dumping sites helps assess their growth dynamics and estimate the accumulation of waste volumes over a certain period of time.
Aerial wildlife monitoring is among the most accurate methods of determining a population's size, range and concentrations.
The number of animals detected in the area inspected by the UAV is calculated based on optical and thermal photographic and video imagery. The images are geotagged to determine the animals' whereabouts.
In the processing phase, the photographic and thermal images are superimposed for automatic calculation of the population's size.
The data thus obtained is used to extrapolate the number of animals onto the entire area with the use of government-approved methods.
Wildfire patrolling and coordination of firefighting teams
For wildfire patrols we use a fixed-wing UAV carrying a remote-controlled video camera with a 28x optical zoom. Mounted on a remote-controlled gyrostabilised platform, which allows for 360-degree horizontal rotation, the camera can cover the entire lower hemisphere.
In normal visibility, the aircraft patrols at altitudes ranging between 600 and 800 m. On detecting smoke the operator flies the aircraft towards the smoke source. Wildfire sites are documented in the form of photographic images or video recording.
Each wildfire thus detected continues to be monitored until fully extinguished, with inspection flights performed two or three times daily. Each new flight updates the map of the fire area to assess the spread dynamics.
The operator identifies the main direction in which the fire is spreading; assesses possible associated threats; detects individual hotspots, dangerous areas, and sites where the fire is going to meet the firebreaks; and also locates people and equipment on the ground.
Detailed inspections in support of firefighting efforts are performed at altitudes of 200-400 m.
Combined optical/thermal video cameras are used for detecting concealed fire pockets.
Clandestine anti-poaching patrols
Our anti-poaching patrols involve a fixed-wing UAV carrying a remote-controlled gyrostabilised camera with a 28x optical zoom, 360-degree rotation and coverage of the entire lower hemisphere, or a fixed-wing UAV carrying a triple payload of thermal imager, video camera and photographic camera. The signal from both video cameras (optical and thermal) is transmitted to the ground station in real time. The UAV is powered by an electric motor, making it virtually impossible to detect. This allows for concealed observation of illegal activity.
If the poachers discover that they are being watched, and attempt to flee, the UAV will follow them to document their actions (the dumping of firearms, tackle or catch), thus collecting photographic and video evidence for subsequent inquiry.
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